| Department of History and Theory of the Uzbek Makamwas founded in 1972 on the initiative of the musicologist, Doctor of Art, Professor F.Karamatov. It was establishedas “Department of Oriental Music” for the first time in the former Soviet Union according to the Scientific Council of the Tashkent State Conservatory, April 1972.
The first purpose of the department was to practically study and teaching of oral music performanceof the Uzbek classical music (the basis of Uzbek music – Shashmaqom, Khorezm maqams, Ferghana-Tashkent maqoms, great songs, etc.).Secondly, it was the preparation of specialists who could translate Oriental folk music directly to the Uzbek title, translate the works of Arabic, Persian and Turkic origin of our ancestors, who brought the Oriental Musical Studies into independent sciences, and could interpret them in terms of music.
The department of folklore music under the chair has had an impact on the effectiveness of education. For trainings, the practice of the experts invited to the event such as professor I.Rajabov (“Manbashunoslik” and “Principles of the Makam”), professor A. Jabborov (“History of Uzbek Music”), composer Sh.Shaymardanova (“Notation”), F.Sodiqov (“Dutar and Chang Performance Ensemble”); R.Rajabiy, T.Inogamov, M.Muhamedov, S.Takhalov (“Tanbur, nay, kashgar rubobi” specialty), O.Alimakhsumov (Specialty “Traditional performance”), Z.Oripov, Z.Nasullaev, K.Avasenov (“Oriental languages – Persian, Arab, Urdu”), young teachers O.Matyakubov and R.Abdullaev (“Fundamentals of Traditional Uzbek Music”, “Notation” and “Folklore Practice”).
The young musician students came from not only our country, but also from the Republic of Kazakhstan and the Republic of Tajikistan, where they graduated from studies and continued their scientific and performing activities, becoming prominent singers and musicians.
Among the first graduates of the international students are Doctor of Arts, Professor A.Nizomov and F.Aziziy (Tajikistan), Doctor of Art Sciences, Professor A.Nazarov, Candidates of Art Studies, A. Jumayev and O.Malkeeva.
The teachers of the department have released more than ten textbooks and teaching manuals, namely:
Z.Nassulaev – Prospects on the Persian language (2008), translation into Uzbek of the book Achariya Brihaspati Music of Muslims and Hindustan Peninsula (2009);
R.Yunusov – monographs “Fakhriddin Sodikov” (2005) and “Composer Mirsodiq Tojiev” (2018) and the brochure “Uzbek Makams” (2018) in Uzbek, Russianand English languages and the textbook “Solfeggio”;
R.Abdullaev – monograph “Baysun”. Traditional Musical Culture (2006), “The textbook of Uzbek classical music” (2008) and the monograph “Ritual and music in the context of the culture of Uzbekistan and Central Asia” (2010);
I.Ganieva – textbook “Music culture of the east” (2011) in Uzbek, Russian and English.
S.Begmatov – “Maqom sunray yullari” (2004), monographic study guide “Mukhtorzhon Murtazoev” (2006) in co-authorship with A.Zokirov; textbooks for masters; in co-authorship with N. Kadyrov “Class of traditional ensemble”, in co-authorship with M. Matiakubov “Uzbek traditional instruments” (2008), “Art of hafiz” (2009), monograph “OrifAlimahsumov” (2017);
Renewal of the well-known makam scientist I.Rajabov’s “Makams” monograph (edited under O.Ibrohimov);
Z.Oripov’s researches in source studies – “Oriental musical sources” (X-XI centuries) textbook (2008), monograph “Musical terms in the Book of Kitobu-l-kafi fi-musitaia Ibn Zayly” (2008); Monograph “Music of Central Asia of X-XV centuries” (2017);
K.Kurbanov – “Epic vocal performance” part of the textbook “History of vocal art”;
Sh. Ayhodjaeva – scientific monograph “Maqom taronalari” (2011).
According to the decree of the head of our country Sh.M.Mirziyoev from November, 17 th, 2017 PQ-3391 the department has renamed “History and Theory of the Uzbek Makam”. Until today, the department has been headed by FK Karamatov, R. Yu.Yunusov, Z.T.Oripov, S.B.Begmatov, I.A.Ganieva. Nowadays, the senior teacher Ch.E.Ergasheva heads the department “History and Theory of the Uzbek Makam”. Moreover, there work well-qualified professionals such as Professor R.Abdullaev, Professor Z.Oripov, Honored Art Worker of Uzbekistan, Professor R.Yunusov, Candidate of Art Studies, Professor S.Begmatov, Candidate of Art Sciences, Associate Professor I.Ganieva, candidate of art sciences, associate professor Sh.Oyxujayeva, senior teachers H.Kurbonov, Ch.Ergasheva, M.Azamova, teachers N.Ahmedova, L.Jurayeva, N.Karimova and G.Husainova.